BRAZIL, United States of Brazil, Estados Unidos do Brasil.
Contemporary National Flag: Not yet available.
Population: 44 116 000 (in 1938).
Borders with French Guyana, Dutch Guyana, British Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay. It has access to the Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 8 513 800 squared kilometers.
Capital City: Rio de Janeiro
Overview: After the suspension of the constitution from 1891, G. Vargas ruled the country (from 1930 until 1945) in a dictatorial fashion. On 09/03/1939 Brazil and U.S.A. concluded a treaty of mutual cooperation and economic assistance; on 28/01/1942 Brazil severed diplomatic relations with Germany and Italy, and on 22/08/1942 it declared war on both of these countries. On 06/06/1945 it declared war on Japan as well. During the war Brazil received 331.6 millions of U.S. dollars and considerable quantities of military equipment as part of the Lend-Lease loan package, in exchange, it supplied the Allies with some badly needed strategic raw materials simultaneously offering its own military bases for use by the Allies. The growing pro-democracy movement forced Vargas to make several concessions to his dictatorial powers, some of which included the reinstatement of the constitution, political amnesties, and legalization of the Communist Party. Brazil is a co-founding member of the U.N.
Armed Forces: During the war the Brazilian armed forces were re-organized and expanded: the number of infantry divisions was increased to nine, and the number of military districts was also increased to nine (later one more military district was established); the level of military training was improved as well. On 20/01/1941 the Ministry of Aviation came into existence; on 25/10/1941 five air force environs were established; on 15/07/1942 the air force was elevated to a status of a separate branch of the armed forces; the already existing mixed air regiments began to be transformed into specialized combat air wings (U.S.A. supplied 1 100 aircraft).... UNDER CONSTRUCTION.